Compiling and installing Xine's xxmc plugin.
and installing Xine's xxmc plugin.
- Needed drivers and
- Configuring and
- Running the plugin
- Chips supporting XvMC acceleration
using the xxmc module.
- VIA Unichrome / Pro
The xine xxmc plugin supports playback with
There is no API or hardware feature called "xxmc". It is only the name
of Xine's plugin, since the name "xvmc" was already taken. The name
"xxmc" stands for eXtended XvMC, and it is extended in the sense that
it also includes support for VLD XvMC, which is a nonstandard extension
to XvMC, proposed by the Unichrome project.
- Standard XvMC, as supported by many Nvidia chips.
- VLD XvMC, as supported by the VIA Unichrome / Pro chips, up to
- Standard Xv. The xxmc plugin will fall back to Xv if any of the
Needed drivers and
- You need an XvMC driver for the chip you want to run accelerated
on. (This does not apply if you only want to run Xv on the accelerated
driver). Drivers for Nvidia chips are on Nvidia's website. Drivers for the VIA
CLE266 chip are present in Xorg CVS or downloadable as patches at The Unichrome project's site
- You need the XvMC wrapper, present in Xorg CVS, or downloadable
from The Unichrome site
Make sure you have the XvMC wrapper installed. The wrapper will try to
figure out at run-time what xvmc-hardware specific driver to load. If
it fails it will open the file /etc/X11/XvMCConfig
and try to load the hardware-specific library mentioned in that file.
If you downloaded the XvMC wrapper from the unichrome site, the default
XvMCConfig will make the XvMC wrapper try to load the Nvidia XvMC
driver. If you want to use it with the VIA Unichrome /Pro chips, you
to edit the XvMCConfig file to contain the single word
Now configure and compile xine-lib as usual. Make sure that the
xxmc plugin got enabled by configure
Running the plugin
Start xine with xine -V xxmc, or kaffeine with kaffeine -x xxmc. If the
XvMC wrapper fails to load a hardware specific library or fails to read
the XvMCConfig file it will specifically tell you so. If you have the
wrong hardware-specific library specified in the XvMCConfig file, the
xxmc plugin will think that you are running against a remote X-server
and fall back to software decoding. If
the driver uses hardware acceleration it will specifically tell you so.
At the moment, the XvMC implementation only accelerates mpeg1
and mpeg2 files, if the hardware
advertises support for these file types.
Some Nvidia chips seem to use very much CPU when subtitles are
displayed, and black areas of the screen are full of small white dots.
These chips only use motion compensation accelaration, and are bad at
it as well. You're better off running the Xv plugin with these chips.
The white dots are due to hardware- or driver bugs. Nvidia chips that
supports IDCT acceleration also seem to support motion compensation
OSD might be rendered in the wrong color with Nvidia chips. To work
around this use the xine config option
This is due to a bug in the Nvidia XvMC drivers, and this bug is
probably also present in the i810 drivers.
There is also a bug in xine's XvMC support for interlaced streams with
IDCT and motion compensation accelerations. The xxmc plugin will fall
back to plain Xv for these streams. Hopefully this will be fixed in the
not too distant future.
If you are running VLD XvMC on the VIA Unichrome / Pros there are some
may affect performance:
Will save a lot of CPU-power if you are running a 2.6 series kernel. It
does this by sleeping while the hardware decoder works. Otherwise it
will spend a lot of CPU waiting for decoder completion.
Will allocate 15 XvMC surfaces instead of 8. This is very useful if you
are using vdr-xine and want to avoid buffer-underrun stutters in xine.
Don't use this with Nvidia cards since they only allow a maximum of 8
frames. If your driver does not allow 15 frames and you turn this
option on, it will abruptly fall back to software rendering, causing
some rendering glitches while doing so.
Don't use unscaled overlays for OSD. Sometimes the X server will have
severe problems painting the OSD surface when unscaled OSD:s are used.
This will be visible as severe stutters when ANY overlay (OSD or
subtitle) are displayed and removed. Use this option for scaled OSD
which is considerably faster with CLE266, since blending is done in
hardware. This option is usable also with Nvidia cards, but I've never
seen problems with unscaled OSD with those.
XvMC can only do very simple one-field deinterlacing in hardware. It's
also impossible to use software deinterlacing, since XvMC does not
allow xine to read the content of a decoded frame. Therefore, when you
run a hardware accelerated stream, Interlacing will be toggled by
pressing "i". If the xxmc plugin has fallen back to Xv and software
decoding, post plugins will take care of deinterlacing.
BOB deinterlacing (alternating between top and bottom field at double
the frame-rate) for XvMC accelerated streams is available as an
experimental feature. It is activated using the config option
If this option is enabled, The xxmc plugin will use bob as
deinterlacing method when deinterlace is toggled pressing "i". To get
the best results from this method, the screen update frequency should
be a multiple of double the frame rate. For example, if the frame-rate
is 25Hz, Your screen update frequency should be 50Hz or 100Hz. I have
been able to get reasonable results using a 75Hz update frequency,
Chips supporting XvMC
acceleration using the xxmc module.
VIA Unichrome / Pro
- CLE266: up to 1024x1024.
- K8M/N800: up to 1024x1024. Use Unichrome X drivers >= r31.
- CN400: HDTV capable. Driver support is under development.
- PM8X0: HDTV capable. Driver support is under development.
- Quadro FX 1000 (IDCT / Mocomp)
- Please help me fill in here.
Q: The xxmc plugin is not enabled when I configure xine-lib
A: Check that you have installed the XvMC wrapper, and that you've run
"ldconfig -v" as root after that.
Q: The XvMC wrapper complains when I start xine.
A: Check that you have created an XvMCConfig file specifying the
relevant driver name.
Q: I'm running on a Nvidia card and my OSD colors are wrong.
A: See "caveats" above.
Q: I'm running VDR-xine and the playback stutters.
A: See "optimizing" above.
Q: I'm running on a CLE266 and I get severe stutter when subtitles are
A: See "optimizing" above.
Q: Can I use the xxmc plugin without the XvMC wrapper?
A: Yes, you can link directly with a hardware specific library, but
this is not recommended. Run "./configure --help" to check which
options to use.